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Last Updated: 25 September 2014

以下介紹最快速將相片中選取的區域,複製到新圖層的方法

使用任何一種 select 的方法,選取你要的區域。例如我們用 Select -> Color Range 選取

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你也可以 Inverse 剛才選取的區域

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不論如何,滑鼠右鍵點選選取的區域,選擇 Layer Via Copy,也可以從選單 Layer -> New -> Layer Via Copy (⌘ + J)

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剛才選取的區域,會被複製成為一個新的圖層

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接下來你可以直接在新圖層上操作

Last Updated: 25 September 2014

Create a project

Setup the editing workspace: Window -> Workspace -> Editing

Use the Media Browser tab (located at the bottom left of the workspace) to import video footages or audio clips files

Double click a video footage, it will be opened in the "source monitor" located in the top left of the workspace.

import video

To select just a part of the video footage, drag the "play head" to determine the "mark in" and "mark out" points

Then drag the video (as well as the audio) to the timeline window located in the bottom right of the workspace. A video and an audio track will be automatically created. The video or the audio track can be dragged separated by click and drag the respective button (located at the bottom of the source monitor).

 drag video only

Similarly, you can drag an audio clip to the timeline window, and save it to an audio track

"+" or "-" keys can be used to zoom in/out in the timeline window

You can increase the height of an audio track, then holding the middle line, move it up will increase the volume, move it down will decrease the volume of the audio track.

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Still image can also be added to a video track in the timeline

Adding a title to the video: in the timeline window, drag the playhead to the point where you want to title to appear, then Title->New Title->Default Still..., a title editing window will appear, you will be able to create a title over there by selecting typeface, font size, ... etc.

create a title

The title will be saved to your current project upon closing the "title window", then you are to drag the title to a new video track on the timeline, place it at the time point where you want to see the title

 insert the title

The video clips can be adjusted, by tools such as Levels/Colors/Shadow/Highlights, ... etc., just like a still image. Select the Effect tab, Video Effects, then Adjust.

Video effects

Effect controls

 

To add transition effects, in the timeline window, select a footage, move the cursor to the beginning or the end of the footage, right mouse click, select the default transition. For other transition effects, select the Effect tab at the bottom left project window, you will be presented a list of transition effects from which you can choose. 

Default transition

other effects

To export the video, File -> Export -> Media ... (⌘+M)

Export

Last Updated: 02 October 2014

 

直接在圖層上進行編修

  1. 為了保留原圖,建議先建立一個複製圖層:Layer -> New -> Layer Via Copy (⌘+J)
  2. 在新的 layer 上,用各種形式的 selection tool 或 Select -> Color Range...Select ->Focus Area ...等工具,選出相片中你想編修的區域
    • Color Range ... 讓使用者用顏色,highlights, showdows, skin tones, 或 midtones 來做快速選取
  3. 然後就可以 Image -> Adjustments -> 進行各種 retouching
  4. 這種方式的缺點是,你沒辦法事後回來修改剛才設定的 level, curve, exposure, 等等。換句話說,這種方式其實是一種 destructive editing.

 

比較複雜一點的 non-destructive editing 作法如下

  1. 利用選取工具選出你要編修的區域,例如 Select -> Color Range...
  2. 在 Layers palette, 選取 Create new fill or adjustment layer,建立一個新的 adjustment layer mask
  3. 選一個你想要用的 adjustment 工具,例如 level, curve, exposure ... etc.,retouching 只會應用在上面第二點 mask 沒有遮住的地方
    1. 注意你可以在 adjustment layer mask 之上,隨意用 brush tool 刷前景顏色 (白色) 或背景顏色 (黑色) 來增減 mask 遮蓋住的部分。黑色部分是蓋住的部分,也就是不會被 adjustment 影響到的部分。

選取編修範圍

產生 adjustment layer

在 adjustment layer mask 上編修

 

 

更複雜一點,用到很多圖層的 non-destructive editing 作法如下

  1. (⌘+J)建立一個複製圖層
  2. 透過選取工具,或 Color Range ... 等工具,選出目標區域
  3. 在 Layers panel, 選取 Add layer mask,此時 Photoshop 會在目前圖層建立一個 mask
  4. 點選該 mask 之後,可以用筆刷 (brush tool) 等工具對 mask 做細部增修
  5. 現在目前的 layer,可以和下面的 layer,利用前面提到的 layer blending 功能,進行各種運算

Add layer mask

 

layer blending

 

 

另一種 non-destructing 作法,是利用 smart object/smart filter 來編修

會用到 filter 的編修 (例如 blur, sharpening),建議用 smart filter 功能。細節請見 smart filter and smart object

 

 

最後,你也可以用 CS6 以後新增的 Camera Raw Filter 進行 non-destructing 編修

簡單來說,Camera Raw Filter 是把 Photoshop 的某一個 layer,轉換成 Adobe Camera Raw 可以編修的格式。可以做到大部分 ACR 的功能。例如 white balance 和 clarity 等編修,不容易在 Photoshop 的 Image -> Adjustments 裡面調整。搭配上面說的 smart filter,可以做到事後再回來修改 Camera Raw Filter 的編修。

首先建立一個複製圖層 (⌘+J)

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有兩種方法建立 smart filter。第一種是右鍵該圖層,點選 Convert to Smart Object

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或在上面選單選 Filter -> Convert for Smart Filters

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產生 Smart object 之後,在 Filter 選單,選 Camera Raw Filter...,注意這和 Camera Raw Filter 是不一樣的東西。

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此時 Photoshop 會打開一個和 Adobe Camera Raw 幾乎一樣的視窗,你可以調整 white balance, exposure, clarity 等等

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別忘了這個 Camera Raw Filter 附有一個 layer mask,你可以打開 brush tool,用白色和黑色筆刷來控制哪些區域容許被編輯。

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